Design of UWB folded-plate monopole antennas based on TLM


From the current distribution on planar monopoles, transmission line modeling is applied to study this kind of antennas. Some reported techniques for broadband monopoles are approached by using this model from a qualitatively point of view. Conclusions are derived that help to match the monopoles over an ultrawide bandwidth regardless of whether they are folded or not. Folded configurations are obtained in order to provide solutions to specific designs and improve radiation pattern maintaining the planar monopole broadband behavior. Three compact folded prototypes with greater than 1:38 bandwidth are implemented and tested. Pulse distortion is also discussed for this type of applications.